The Pomeranian (or simply the Pom) is a small, toy-sized dog developed in the province of Pomerania (the area of northeastern Europe that is now part of Poland and western Germany) from the ancient Spitz breeds of the northern countries. Pomeranians are the tiniest of the Spitz. Their relatives (the Norwegian Elkhound, the Schipperke, the German Spitz, the American Eskimo Dog, the Samoyed) were bred to guard homes, pull sledges and protect livestock. Throughout their history, Pomeranians have decreased in size and are now much smaller than their ancestors. Today, because of its size, the Pomeranian is cared for as pet and companion.
FUN FACT: Queen Victoria fell in love with this breed in 1888 while vacationing in Florence, Italy. She brought one home with her and the breed became extremely popular in Great Britain. After that, the popularity of this breed just kept growing. Queen Victoria became a breeder and started exhibiting her Poms. One of her favorites, called Windsor Marco, won first place in the breed.
Pomeranians are just 6-7 inches high and weight 3-7 pounds (1-3 kg). Early Pomeranians weighed as much as 30 pounds. They have pricked ears, foxy face, a thick coat, and curled tail.
Pomeranian's most distinguishing feature is his thick, double coat with a soft, fluffy undercoat. They come in any color or pattern you can imagine in dogs. Early Poms were primarily white, black, chocolate or blue, but after an orange dog began winning at dog shows in the 1920s, the range of colors expanded. Today, most common colors are orange or red. Because of their long, fluffy hair, they shed a lot. To keep shedding under control brush your Pomeranian regularly, at least twice a week. Brushing will keep your dog's hair clean, shiny and free of mats and/or tangles. Trim your Pomeranian's nails regularly and brush their teeth.
Pomeranians are friendly, extroverted dogs. They enjoy meeting new people and usually get along with other animals. But, important thing to say about Pomeranians is that most of them just don't realize how small they are and will often tackle large dogs or at least verbally threaten them.
It is highly recommended that you find a groomer to do a full groom—including bath, brushing, ears, nails, and anal glands—every four to six weeks, if you are not comfortable with doing this at home. You should also pay close attention to the Pom’s teeth. It is a good idea to brush the teeth during their weekly grooming session.
These are active little dogs that do need moderate daily exercise. They will enjoy longer walks, but keep in mind that they are small and sensitive to both, heat and humidity. You need to pay attention during your walks, so that they don't become overheated. Also, while you are outside with your Pom, you should watch out for predators. Pomeranians can be perceived as prey by owls, eagles, hawks, coyotes, and other wild animals. Hunting animals are not the only ones causing problems for Pomeranian owners. Because of their small size and attractive looks, Poms are targets for so called dognappers.
Pomeranians love to play and are very active indoors, too, so make sure they have a lot of toys to keep them busy, because they can get bored easily.
Pomeranians get along well with children, but only with children who know how to play with tiny dog. They are too delicate to be handled roughly, so they prefer the company of adults. They aren't an overly dependent breed, so are perfect for busy people.
FUN FACT: Only three dogs survived the sinking of the Titanic in 1912. Two of these three dogs were Pomeranians. One of them was the pet of Elizabeth Barrett Rothschild who escaped in lifeboat number six. The other was a Pomeranian called Lady who was owned, who escaped with her owner Miss Margaret Hays in lifeboat number seven.
They are known for being cute, intelligent, lively, mischievous, and loyal. These dogs love to be the center of attention, but they can become dominant, willful and stubborn if not well trained and socialized. Pomeranians need to see their owners as boss or they will become very demanding. They love to learn new things and tricks and performing, but they have a short attention span, so keep training sessions brief and fun. Pomeranians can be difficult to housetrain. They can be stubborn about going outside to do their business, especially if it’s rainy or cold outside.
FUN FACT: Poms make excellent therapy dogs.
Pomeranians make excellent watchdogs and can be prone to excessive barking. Pomeranians often are suspicious of strangers and can bark a lot. They have a high-pitched bark and are able to bark all day long, so it is of crucial significance to teach them to stop barking on command.
Pomeranians have one of the longest life expectancies of all the dog breeds as they can live for around 16 years. Although generally healthy, in those 16 years, a Pomeranian can develop some health conditions. Some problems often seen in these dogs are a condition called Alopecia X or „black skin disease“. This is a genetic disorder that leads to their skin turning black and losing their hair; luxating patella, which is dislocation of the kneecap, or tracheal collapse, which is a condition in which the trachea, which carries air to the lungs, tends to collapse easily. The most common symptom of tracheal collapse is chronic and dry caught. Other health problems Pomeranians are prone to are a hip problem called Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, allergies, ranging from contact allergies to food allergies; epilepsy, eye problems, dental problems, etc.
FUN FACT: Many important historical personalities, such as Martin Luther, Michelangelo and Mozart (who even dedicated an aria to his beloved dog) owned a Pomeranian.
FUN FACT: Internet sensation Boo is a Pomeranian.
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