The Doberman Pinscher (The Doberman)
The Doberman is a breed of dog developed in 1890s by Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, who was the first breeder of this breed. Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann was a tax collector and because od the nature of his job, he wanted a fierce and powerful dog to accompany him on his rounds. It is believed that the Doberman was result of a genetic cocktail of breeds including German Pincer, Rottweiler, Thuringian Shepherd Dog, Black Greyhound, Great Dane, Weimaraner, German Shorthair Pointer, and German Shepherd. The Dobermans creator Karl Friedrich died before the truth was out.
The Doberman is a popular people-oriented dog breed known for its intelligence and loyalty. The Doberman has a sleek, muscular body; males are 27 or 28 inches tall and weigh about 70 pounds (32 kilograms) and females are 25 to 26 inches tall and have 60 to 65 pounds (27 to 29 kilograms). The Doberman’s ears are often cropped, and the tail is in many cases docked. Their coat is smooth and short, and it comes in four different colors: black and rust, blue and rust, fawn and rust, and red and rust. Their coat requires minimal grooming and brushing.
Because of the purpose of being guard dogs, that they were bred for earlier, Dobermans needed to be ready to engage in a fight. The tail and ears were their weak spots that could be easily torn and broken, so the owners started removing them. Today, the tail is mostly docked because their tail is very thin and can break easily. The ears are cropped in order to ensure air-flow through the ear canals and prevent infections, what is impossible to ensure with floppy ears. Today, this practice is considered cruel and is banned in many countries.
The Doberman is extremely energetic and athletic dog that need daily exercise, both physical and mental. If they are not exercised enough, they can start misbehaving and can even become aggressive. The Doberman requires a strong pack leader who will keep him busy and work with him. This dog needs consistent training and early socialization. Firm training is necessary to establish leadership and achieve obedience. There is no need for special guard training, Dobermans are natural protectors and you can count on them to protect you when they sense you are in danger.
Besides being extremely active, Dobermans are also very intelligent dogs. They are loyal, trustworthy and protective of their family and home. They thrive on human attention, love to be a part of a family and should never be left alone for too long. They are awesome with children and the family’s friends. The Doberman is sensitive to cold weather and is created to live inside with its family.
This breed matures very slowly; it takes them three to four years to be considered adults. Dobermans life span is about 10 to 12 years.
FUN FACT : Doberman pinschers make excellent guard dogs, police and military dogs, rescue dogs and therapy dogs.
Dobermans are generally healthy, but, just like all breeds of dogs, they are prone to some health conditions that you should be aware of. Those conditions are: Von Willebrand's Disease (a blood disorder where blood is not able to clot), Hip Dysplasia (you can read more about HD here), Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) (eye disease that involves deterioration of the retina), Wobber's Syndrome (causes spinal disorders), Cardiomyopathy (a heart disorder; disease od the heart muscle, which become weak), etc.
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